POL126



Category: Pol126

0

POL126

1 / 150

1. Prima facie moral obligation

means -----

2 / 150

2. The

_theory provided a basis for

articulating limited political

obligation.

3 / 150

3. The main task of

safeguarding the personal

and civil rights of its citizens

is that of the

4 / 150

4. National defence, good

roads, health programmes,

law and order are examples

of ------

5 / 150

5. The Patriarchal theory was

derived from one of the

following sources

6 / 150

6. _liberty motivates purposes

which are rationally self￾determined, as opposed to

irrational passions.

7 / 150

7. The process which

encompasses the practice

of quotas, set-asides,

weighing gender as a

priority with the objective of

enhancing equal

opportunity is known as

_action

8 / 150

8. In the

_theory John Locke argued

that man had liberties and

rights that antedated

political society.

9 / 150

9. This refers to the socially

constructed roles,

responsibilities, norms, and

stereotypes accorded to

women and men in relation

to the question of

citizenship: --------

10 / 150

10. The ----- theory of the state

is adjudged as old

fashioned.

11 / 150

11. The essential attributes of a

state as a contracted

human

organization/institution is its

provision of

_Goods

12 / 150

12. Which duty require

individual members of a

state to refrain from

performing bad acts?

13 / 150

13. The duties of fidelity,

reparation, gratitude, justice

are some of examples of

prima facie duties based on

_relations.

14 / 150

14. The process of acquiring

citizenship when a person

is born before and after the

date of independence, if

either parents belongs to a

community indigenous to

Nigeria is by

15 / 150

15. The ----- is larger than the

political system.

16 / 150

16. The text 'A Theory of

Justice' is credited to

_.

17 / 150

17. For Hegel, while conflicts

and their resolutions may

be inevitable features of

any society, the state exists

to ----

18 / 150

18. The bane of ------ is that

each individual has certain

inherent rights linked to

human nature.

19 / 150

19. The

theory is an agreement

entered into by men&

women who originally had

no governmental

organization.

20 / 150

20. The concept of law is

regarded as a ----- of the

sovereign state directed to

the subjects as a regulator

of conduct.

21 / 150

21. The ----- theory is premised

on" an agreement entered

into by men and and

women who originally had

no governmental

organization which resulted

into a state.

22 / 150

22. The ----- are the essential

attributes a state provides

its citizens.

23 / 150

23. John Locke is the first

exponent of the

_individual rights.

24 / 150

24. The phrase “sense of

autonomy” or “self

determination” means

25 / 150

25. The idea that an individual

has certain inherent rights

which are connected to

human nature is at the core

of

26 / 150

26. The principle of

_underlines a citizen’s

obligation to an institution

or state.

27 / 150

27. The ------ concept assumes

that nothing is desired for

its own sake, except

pleasure.

28 / 150

28. The

_theory is against the re￾distribution of wealth

through the State

machinery

29 / 150

29. What can be regarded as

the most privileged form of

nationality?

30 / 150

30. A citizens quality of being

true or faithful in the

support of his/her country is

referred to as

_.

31 / 150

31. The right to participate in

political decision making

relates to -----

32 / 150

32. The American Declaration

of Independence was in ----

--

33 / 150

33. In a society fragmented into

‘contrasting interests’ the

state needs to ------

34 / 150

34. The democratic tradition

was inspired by ------

35 / 150

35. What is the premise of a

citizen’s obligation to the

state?

36 / 150

36. The goods which, by their

character, cannot be shared

out among their

beneficiaries can be said to

be

37 / 150

37. In which theory does

fundamental human right

operate as structural device

for government.

38 / 150

38. The decision forcing Nigeria

to cede Bakassi Peninsula

to Cameroon was in line

with the ----- ruling.

39 / 150

39. The placing of the individual

at the centre of the society

presupposes ------

40 / 150

40. The proponents of natural

justice advocate for political

rights being sacred and

sacrosanct in order to -----

of the state.

41 / 150

41. Negative rights or negative

liberty means ------

42 / 150

42. Which political system

guarantees fundamental

human rights?

_.

43 / 150

43. Sovereignty connotes

44 / 150

44. The ---- theory proposed

that the 'state is the result

of the subjugation of the

weaker by the stronger'

45 / 150

45. is the tendency on the part

of states to reserve their

public services exclusively

in the hands of their

indigenes or expendable

foreigners and ‘non￾indigenes.

46 / 150

46. The hypothetical situation

where the institutions of the

state do not exist is known

as a

47 / 150

47. The patriarchal theory

posits that the foundation of

the modern State was

characterized by three

features namely

_,

and

.

48 / 150

48. The claim which the

individual can make both on

the state as well as on

other citizens is known as

49 / 150

49. Civil Society means a form

of__

50 / 150

50. The American Declaration

of Independence (1776)

and the French Declaration

of Human Rights (1789)

find expression in the idea

of

_individual rights.

51 / 150

51. The Two Treaties of

Government can be

credited to -----

52 / 150

52. For Locke, unlike Hobbes,

power resides with ----- and

not with the Government.

53 / 150

53. The notion that the state is

a ‘neutral, though coercive,

force’ is a proposition by ----

-- theorists

54 / 150

54. The most significant

component of British

constitutional bill of rights is

the great charter of

55 / 150

55. The ------ is an essential

organ through which the

state achieves its moral

duty and obligation to

administer and render

service to the citizens of the

state.

56 / 150

56. The principle of natural

duties and the principle of

are two distinctive

principles of justice

according to Rawls.

57 / 150

57. A State is founded by

successful migrations and -

----

58 / 150

58. The ultimate factor in moral

decisions and actions is not

necessarily the ‘good’ act,

but rather in the ------

59 / 150

59. The state has to transcend

being a “set of broad

organizing principles which

constitutes the enduring

and continuous pattern of

rule and governance” into a

------

60 / 150

60. The valid social contract for

all in a political system is

based on the

and

_which a citizen is entitled

to within a given state.

61 / 150

61. The state is an association

of human beings with the

appearance of ------ for

political ends

62 / 150

62. When sovereignty is

supreme, final and

absolute, it is said to be -----

63 / 150

63. The principle of natural duty

is premised on the two

principles of

_.

64 / 150

64. The condition of 'warre' in

the state of nature means

and

65 / 150

65. African societies have

argued that the ------ nature

of their society has been

the basis for the denial of

inalienable rights. to

individual citizens.

66 / 150

66. The bill of

_is the entitlement which no

just government should

refuse its citizens

67 / 150

67. The January 1966 coup

was led by Major

Chukwuma

68 / 150

68. What limits the power of

government in any given

State?

_.

69 / 150

69. This differentiates the

modern state from the

feudal or traditional society:

------

70 / 150

70. In which nature of rights

was personal, civil and

political rights merged into

a single category

_

71 / 150

71. When a government has

the legal right of making

decisions which people are

required to obey; and the

right to use coercion to

enforce its laws , it means -

-----

72 / 150

72. _is when a citizen not only

loves his/her country but is

willing to defend the

integrity.

73 / 150

73. Fundamental benefits to the

citizens such as national

defence, good roads, health

programmes are refered to

as

74 / 150

74. The social contract theory

of Rousseau was inspired

by -----

75 / 150

75. The Secondary Imperatives

of the State are ------ in

nature

76 / 150

76. The competition for and

appropriation of offices of

the state for the benefit of

individual occupants and

their support groups is

known as

77 / 150

77. Citizenship as defined by

_denotes all persons whom

a state is entitled to protect.

78 / 150

78. The provision of economic

and social goods by the

state to the poor citizens

makes the state a

79 / 150

79. The power which the

government of a state

posseses to enforce the law

entrenched in the

constitution is known as

80 / 150

80. When a citizen supports

and complies with just

institutions, such action is in

accord with the principle of

_.

81 / 150

81. The rights to minimum of

vital necessities such as

food, shelter and aid refer

to ------

82 / 150

82. The classical 1969 essay

tilted “Two concepts of

liberty” owes its credit to ----

--

83 / 150

83. The entitlement of a set of

rights and obligations

confers the status of

on the individual.

84 / 150

84. The implication of states

being members of African

Union (AU), United Nations

(UN) is that the state will be

------ of the international

organization.

85 / 150

85. Legal protection and

access to the courts of law

entitlements are known as

86 / 150

86. This is one of the attributes

of rights: ------

87 / 150

87. The provision of public

goods by a state is justified

by the ------

88 / 150

88. He posited that a State is

founded when ‘a leader,

with his band of warriors,

gets permanent control of a

definite territory of a

considerable size’: ------

89 / 150

89. The following words

‘Trancedental, inalienable,’

‘primordial’ can also be

used in reference to

_rights.

90 / 150

90. Regionalization in Nigeria

was instituted in the bid to

operationalize the

_principle.

91 / 150

91. According to Hegel, the

state is a rational order

which exists, essentially, to

achieve ----

92 / 150

92. Utilitarianism is premised

on

93 / 150

93. In the Nigerian society

there is ------ because most

people do not comply with

most laws most of the time.

94 / 150

94. What organ is regarded as

competent by everyone to

formulate and create

binding legal norms in any

domestic society ------

95 / 150

95. One of the conditions of

civil society is that the state

------

96 / 150

96. _and are the two defining

features of public goods.

97 / 150

97. When a citizen goes on

hunger strike in protest

against some government

practice or policy, the action

is said to be

_.

98 / 150

98. From a moral angle ----- are

more fundamental than the

existing laws of society.

99 / 150

99. The obligation of the citizen

to obey the laws of the

state is dependent upon the

government ------

100 / 150

100. The

_feature is applicable to the

availability of collective

goods to all members in a

group in a state.

101 / 150

101. The transcendence of

subjects to the new status

of a citizen comes with -----

102 / 150

102. The patriarchal theory was

derived from the records of

the ancient law of the -----

and Hindu.

103 / 150

103. Direct action can be likened

to

104 / 150

104. According to Hume, among

savage tribes the long

continuance of the state

made people to -----

105 / 150

105. The laws of society is only

legitimate to the extent that

the ------- rights of citizens

are respected.

106 / 150

106. In the impersonal state, the

status of a citizen was that

of a

107 / 150

107. The freedom from

interference of others

presupposes

and

108 / 150

108. The function of the state in

ensuring fair play is

couched in ------

109 / 150

109. The principle of fairness

and the principle of natural

duties are notions which

constitute the bane of

_obligation.

110 / 150

110. The

democratic system

restrains the arbitrary

exercise of state power and

ensures the respect for the

rights of the citizens.

111 / 150

111. The formal distinction

between indigenes and

non-indigenes who are not

members of the native

community living in the area

of authority is

112 / 150

112. Prior the emergences of the

nation state, members of

society were governed by

masters who own land

under the

_system of government.

113 / 150

113. This principle of justice in

political obligation is

associated with the general

administration of

_.

114 / 150

114. Positive rights or positive

liberty implies ------

115 / 150

115. Free speech, free press,

the rights to assembly and

organization are examples

of

116 / 150

116. The notion that the state is

a ‘neutral, though coercive,

force’ is a proposition of

117 / 150

117. Constitutional or limited

government means -----

118 / 150

118. Negative and Positive rights

are two natures of

119 / 150

119. The duties of fidelity, of

reparation, of gratitude, of

justice, and of self￾improvement are examples

of -----

120 / 150

120. The fourth and final

objective of the state is -----

-

121 / 150

121. The ----- theory conceived

the State as an extension of

the family.

122 / 150

122. The tradition of atomistic

individualism in Western

societies presupposes that

the state should be -----

123 / 150

123. Sovereignty is legal when it

is ----- that fall within the

jurisdiction of sovereignty

124 / 150

124. The ---- is for man and not

man for the ----

125 / 150

125. The Hegelian Organic and

Liberal-Democratic

Theories agree on ------

126 / 150

126. According to W.K.

Frankena(1966) an

individual’s principle of

action is a moral one if it

satisfies two of the following

criteria ------

127 / 150

127. The ---- is capable of

regulating and affecting the

actions of man, including

that of the state.

128 / 150

128. The phrase Prima facie was

used first in the

classification of ------

129 / 150

129. The type of political protest

in which the dissenter uses

his/her own body as a lever

to pry loose the policy of

government is a civil

disobedient act referred to

as

_action.

130 / 150

130. The

_nature of the African

society is the basis of

denying any inalienable

rights to individual citizens.

131 / 150

131. For rights to be legal and

enforceable it must be

recognised as law by the

132 / 150

132. An absolute State,

according to Hobbes, is

based on ----

133 / 150

133. The rights to development,

social and physical

environment as well as

peace are known as -----

134 / 150

134. The ------ is known as a

contracted human

organization/institution.

135 / 150

135. Thoreau, Gandhi, Martin

Luther King and Ralph

Abernathy among others

are theorists of the

_character of civil

disobedience.

136 / 150

136. Nigeria was amalgamated

in 1914 by sir

137 / 150

137. The declaration of the

Rights of Man and the

citizen was occasioned by

the French Revolution in

the year

138 / 150

138. The most significant

component of British

constitutional bill of rights is

the great charter of

139 / 150

139. The emergence of rights is

traceable to the doctrine of

natural

_of man

140 / 150

140. Who argued that the State

is at “the centre of

continuous struggle with

other organizations, over

the right and ability to make

binding rules in society”: ----

--

141 / 150

141. Moral reasoning is the

premise of ------

142 / 150

142. The ----- is greater than an

individual or any of it

constituent units.

143 / 150

143. The premise of ------- theory

is that a state is a power,

separated from, in fact

standing above society.

144 / 150

144. The Nigerian Civil Service

was regionalised in the

145 / 150

145. The Latin word

‘Superamus’ means -----

146 / 150

146. This is considered to be the

first exponent of the idea of

natural individual rights: ----

--

147 / 150

147. A government of laws is by

definition a

_government.

148 / 150

148. and

_are the two perspectives

of liberty by Isaiah Berlin.

149 / 150

149. The state is bound by the

supreme law of the land

called the

150 / 150

150. One important

characteristic of the state is

that it takes place in the

context of the ----- to which

all are subordinate.

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