ESM206




Category: ESM206

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ESM206

1 / 120

1.

is mostly about ways in
which the state can share
rights and responsibilities
regarding natural resources
with local communities.

2 / 120

2.

In a community
development project,
exchange of thoughts and
also communication of
ideas and feelings can be
achieved through
_____________.

3 / 120

3.

is an unconditional tool for
educating and sensitizing
the people with the hope of
arousing their interest,
cooperation and support.

4 / 120

4.

Human sustainability can
be achieved through
___________

5 / 120

5.

For a development project
meant for a community to
be successful, it requires
the
of the community

6 / 120

6.

There are
components of community
participation.

7 / 120

7.

s a form of participation
which does not require
formulated procedures that
would coordinate group

8 / 120

8.

Which of the following is not
an environmental
management strategy?

9 / 120

9.

The crucial factor in the
success of community
participation is _______.

10 / 120

10.

The inter-change of ideas,
feelings, thoughts or
experiences between
people generally, agencies
and communities, can be
achieved through which of
the following medium?

11 / 120

11.

In environmental
management,
develops policy on how
management of the
environment can be
achieved

12 / 120

12.

For sustainable
development to be
effective, it is necessary to
____________.

13 / 120

13.

approach conceptualizes
the community as a social
system.

14 / 120

14.

Protecting a natural
resource, in a community,
by the community, without
actually involving in its
management is an example
of?

15 / 120

15.

For a
to exist in unity, its people
must adhere to common
idea (s), objectives, attitude
and values.

16 / 120

16.

The role of environmental
institutions in environmental
management is
___________

17 / 120

17.

Which of the following is not
an institution/organization
involved in environmental
management?

18 / 120

18.

Which of the following can
be applied as a preliminary
stage when embarking on
survey of farmers to provide
basic data on feasibility of
project?

19 / 120

19.

There is no elected leader
in
form of participation?

20 / 120

20.

The form of participation
which requires holding of
formal meetings is known
as
_.

21 / 120

21.

A useful tool that would
assist a people to identify
priority needs and also
partake in planning,
implementation and
evaluation of community
projects that are expected
to improve the lives of such
communities is ________.

22 / 120

22.

A partnership by which two
or more relevant social
actors collectively
negotiate, agree upon,
guarantee and implement a
fair share of management
functions, benefit and
responsibility for a
particular area or set of
natural resources is known
as
_.

23 / 120

23.

The act of working with
group of people to
determine detail objective in
the utilization of resources
is known as
__.

24 / 120

24.

NGOs/CBOs design or
initiate long term measures
on change.

25 / 120

25.

A technique of participation
that owes much of its early
development to Farming
systems Research and
Extension of the
consultative group in
international Agricultural
Research Centres (CGIAR)
is known as
_

26 / 120

26.

Which of the following will
not affect a successful
communication process in
community participation?

27 / 120

27.

Which of the following is
true?

28 / 120

28.

The social science concept
views community as
____________.

29 / 120

29.

Which one of the following
results in better decision
compared to ideas nurtured
by non-indigenes or
professionals?

30 / 120

30.

In which form of
participation are members
required to abide strictly to
the rules and regulation of
the group or organization?

31 / 120

31.

All of the following are
characteristics of a
community except
___________.

32 / 120

32.

A fundamental process of
exchanging thought and
also a method of
communicating ideas and
feeling is through
__.

33 / 120

33.

The way to get a
community involved in
projects to solve their own
problems is to
______________.

34 / 120

34.

One of the following is not a
participatory means, by
which the views of the
community can be
incorporated in
environmental management
planning?

35 / 120

35.

Rapid Rural Appraisal
(RRA) is designed to obtain
___________?

36 / 120

36.

Which of the following is not
a means of community
empowerment?

37 / 120

37.

Every
has its defined custom and
tradition.

38 / 120

38.

Emitting waste at volumes
that nature can handle will
lead to
_

39 / 120

39.

is a type of sustainability
that is concerned with
conserving/preserving our
resources as we consume
them so that human beings
in the future can enjoy them
as well.

40 / 120

40.

The tool employed in Trend
analysis is seasonal
calendars and
_.

41 / 120

41.

The institution/organization
whose role in
environmental management
to provide vital coordination
at the thematic and regional
level is
__.

42 / 120

42.

is a tool for connecting
people in an organization or
community in order to
achieve a common goal.

43 / 120

43.

is a form of participation
whereby members come
together on regular
intervals, and activities
carried out might not
undergo any planning

44 / 120

44.

relates to the continuity of
economic, social,
institutional and
environmental aspect of
human society, as well as
the non-human
environment.

45 / 120

45.

The use of transect walks,
social maps, resource
maps and venn diagram to
identify and show the
location of resources and
facilities, group interactions,
location of resources and
inter-relationships is known
_.

46 / 120

46.

should be an integral part of
a viable and appropriate
planning and management
of the environment

47 / 120

47.

In which of these
approaches to sustainability
does the manager or his
authorized representative
approve decisions?

48 / 120

48.

If the majority of a
community are educated,
they will have a more
positive dispositions
towards innovations and
can then be easily
_

49 / 120

49.

provides a framework for a
group of people to manage
its environment

50 / 120

50.

During engagement in
participation, when
government and donor
agencies create roles and
ideas and impose it on the
invited people, is known as

51 / 120

51.

The involvement of the
community in
resource/environmental
management, would help in
the achievement of
common goal in
____________.

52 / 120

52.

plans and implements
proactive programmes to
identify and address
environmental problems
and correct deficiencies in
the local environment.

53 / 120

53.

Red Cross, Brand Action,
Action Aid etc are examples
of

54 / 120

54.

Which of the following is not
a tool used in Participatory
Mapping?

55 / 120

55.

The
concept of the community
recognizes it as the tool for
socialization for an
individual relying basically
on the neighbourhood as
the vertical plane on which
democracy can be
nurtured.

56 / 120

56.

Local government can
manage the environment by
______________

57 / 120

57.

is important because all the
choices we pursue and all
the actions that we make
today will affect everything
in the future.

58 / 120

58.

Which one of the following
options can make a
community become
effective?

59 / 120

59.

In invited spaces, roles and
ideas are imposed on the
people by
_.

60 / 120

60.

Example of a community
include all except
__________

61 / 120

61.

The Participatory Rural
Appraisal (PRA) activity
that help as a cross - check
of people's responses to
questions and complement
data generated from the
various interviews is
___________?

62 / 120

62.

can contribute greatly to the
effectiveness and efficiency
of a programme.

63 / 120

63.

An unfair distribution of
work or benefits amongst
members of the community
will make them reluctant to
take part in

64 / 120

64.

How can the community
meet the needs of its
people?

65 / 120

65.

How will provision of basic
education to citizenry profer
solution to problems of
community participation in
environmental
management?

66 / 120

66.

The planning of
environmental management
systems needs to include
views of the
in order to ensure its
success and become
effective

67 / 120

67.

is a form of participation in
which the interactive
session is open only to
members.

68 / 120

68.

Which one of the following
is an aim of participation?

69 / 120

69.

What is the role of
Regional, National and
Local Environmental and
social NGOs in
environmental
management?

70 / 120

70.

A sustainability approach
whereby decision arise
from the grassroots is
known as
__

71 / 120

71.

Which one of the following
is not a rationale for
participation?

72 / 120

72.

Which one of the following
will make an individual and
/or community not
participate in a community
development project?

73 / 120

73.

If nature is depleted faster
than it can regenerate,
human beings will be left
without

74 / 120

74.

Participatory mapping,
Ranking exercise, Trend
analysis and Consolidation
analysis etc, are all
examples of

75 / 120

75.

Which of the following is a
technique employed by
Rapid Rural Appraisal
(RRA)?

76 / 120

76.

is mostly about ways in
which the state can share
rights and responsibilities
regarding natural resources
with local communities

77 / 120

77.

Which of these can
enhance environmental
management?

78 / 120

78.

If a local government wants
to necessitate the
involvement of the
community in
environmental
management, it needs to
_________

79 / 120

79.

There are
key principles for the
management of the local
environment.

80 / 120

80.

Which of the following is not
a reason why people get
involved in humanitarian
programmes?

81 / 120

81.

Sustainable development is
an important aspect of
in which participation is a
major part.

82 / 120

82.

The involvement of a
community in the planning,
implementation and
evaluation of community
projects can make it
_____________.

83 / 120

83.

s important because all the
choices we pursue and all
the actions that we make
today will affect everything
in the future.

84 / 120

84.

Sustainable development is
important because
_____________

85 / 120

85.

Which of the following is not
a problem of community
participation in
environmental
management?

86 / 120

86.

Which of the following is not
a problem of community
participation in
environmental
management?

87 / 120

87.

The type of sustainability
where the very basic need
is good reproductive health
and safe childbearing is
known as

88 / 120

88.

The peculiar belief of a
community include all of the
options listed below
except______.

89 / 120

89.

The act of working with
group of people to
determine detail objective in
the utilization of resources
is known as
_______________.

90 / 120

90.

Which of the following is not
a purpose of
communication?

91 / 120

91.

Which of the following is not
a tool of Ranking Exercise?

92 / 120

92.

Participatory Rural
Appraisal (PRA) activity
that visually observe the
present activities(farming
practices, living patterns
etc) being carried out that
affects watershed
management is known as
_

93 / 120

93.

In sustainability
approaches,
is where an executive,
decision makers, or other
person or body makes a
decision.

94 / 120

94.

Which of the following is an
example of bottom-up
approach to sustainability?

95 / 120

95.

In a community, the
administrative process is
necessary to bring order to
the

96 / 120

96.

Ensuring that waste
emissions are at volumes
that nature can handle, will
enhance

97 / 120

97.

How does high level of
illiteracy affect community
participation in
environmental
management?

98 / 120

98.

The role of environmental
institutions in environmental
management is to provide
research and

99 / 120

99.

The organization that
contributes realistic
information on the need of
any particular programme
and on proposed solutions
is
__

100 / 120

100.

is an approach used by non
- governmental
organizations
(NGOs/CBOs) and other
agencies involved in
international development
particularly in mobilizing
communities for
development projects.

101 / 120

101.

is defined as the
involvement of people in a
community in projects to
solve their own problems

102 / 120

102.

In which way can
freshwater supply be
sustained?

103 / 120

103.

Treating the community
with respect, listening to
them and learning from
them, will go a long way
toward building a
successful

104 / 120

104.

Protection of natural park
by a community without
actually involving them in
park management is an
example
__

105 / 120

105.

What is the consequence of
the search for economic
independent by many
individuals, groups,
community, and nations?

106 / 120

106.

The concept of community
based natural resources
management is an
approach where the focal
unit for joint natural
resource management is
the ________.

107 / 120

107.

Which of the following
enables the pooling of
resources and diverse skills
and working strategies from
within the community?

108 / 120

108.

s the use of problem and
preference rankings to
understand the problems of
each group and their
preferences on a subject
matter.

109 / 120

109.

It is the role of
in environmental
management, to provide
fund, knowledge and
technical support.

110 / 120

110.

Regenerating our resources
at a rate that is equal to or
faster than consumption
leads to ______________

111 / 120

111.

Participatory Rural
Appraisal (PRA) aims to
incorporate_______

112 / 120

112.

For a group of people to be
called a community they
must have__________

113 / 120

113.

One of the reasons why
administrative leadership is
important in a community is
___________.

114 / 120

114.

Information exchange
between agencies and
community can be achieved
through
__.

115 / 120

115.

is defined as development
that meets the needs of the
present without
compromising the ability of
future generations to meet
their own needs

116 / 120

116.

Which of the following is not
a means of solving
problems of community
participation in
environmental
management?

117 / 120

117.

The scientific and
technological tool used in
environmental
management, that operates
by collection of data about
an object from a distance
without physical contact is
known as
_.

118 / 120

118.

The social science concept
view of a community which
is concerned with how
conducive the environment
is for the people in terms of
the nature of the area is
known as ________.

119 / 120

119.

The Participatory Rural
Appraisal (PRA) activities,
that brings out information
on the prevailing livelihood
patterns in a community
within a time frame is
known as ___________

120 / 120

120.

Which one of the options
given is not a component of
community participation?

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