NSC224





Category: NSC224

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NSC224

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1. Dihydroxyacetone phosphate is a ____

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2. Fatty acids that are hydroxylated on the terminal carbon can undergo ω-oxidation.

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3.

The electrons are transferred to oxygen, the final electron acceptor through a complex chain
of electron-carrying molecules known as the

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4. During fasting, the oxidation of fatty acids generates

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5.

The sequence of reactions that converts glucose into pyruvate with the production of ATP is
called

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6. ________ is the most frequent form of metabolic acidosis.

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7. Vitamin A is heat stable but sensitive to ultraviolet light (UV).

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8. The formation of _______ and Lactate from Glucose are examples of fermentations.

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9.

is the sequence of reactions that converts glucose into pyruvate with the
production of ATP.

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10. Reactions of _____ take place in the cytosol.

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11. _________ is most active when the cell needs both energy and building blocks.

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12. The major source of oxaloacetate as the starting materials for the cycle is

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13.

Phosphofructokinase is most active when the cell needs both ________ and building
blocks.

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14. Whenever the energy level of the cell is low, ________  is favoured

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15. The second group is carotenoid found only in

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16.

Glucose 6-phosphate is isomerized to Fructose 6-phosphate. The reaction is catalyzed
by ________

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17.

If the supply of oxygen is insufficient, for example in actively contracting muscle, pyruvate is
converted into ________

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18. Ketone body synthesis occurs in the

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19. A rare genetic defect of glycolysis causes _______

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20. The formation of ethanol and Lactate from Glucose are examples of ___

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21. Phosphofructokinase is an _______ enzyme

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22.

In actively contracting muscle, is converted into Lactate if the supply of
oxygen is insufficient

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23.

The glycolytic pathway is regulated through the activities of ____ enzymes that
catalyze its irreversible reactions.

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24. PK means _______

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25.

Under aerobic conditions, enters the mitochondria where it is completely oxidized
to CO2 and H2O.

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26. Vitamin A is heat stable but sensitive to

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27. In anaerobic organisms, pyruvate is transformed into ______

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28. The conversion of pyruvate to oxaloacetate is an example of _______ reaction

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29. In some anaerobic organisms, pyruvate is transformed into ethanol.

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30.

Under conditions, pyruvate enters the mitochondria where it is completely oxidized
to CO2 and H2O.

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31. Fatty acids that contain and odd number of carbons are oxidized by

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32. ________ is called the reduced form of flavine adenine dinucleotide

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33. The most frequent form of metabolic acidosis is ________

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34. Two groups of compounds have vitamin A activity; The second group is

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35. HK means ________

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36.

In aerobic organisms, _ is the prelude to the citric acid cycle and the electron transport
chain

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37. Fatty acids that contain and odd number of carbons are oxidized by

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38.

The _________ is required to convert pyruvate (the end product of glycolysis) to Acetyl
CoA.

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39. Lysis of the RBCs may cause jaundice from increased ______

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40. Pyruvate is transformed into ethanol in ______ organisms

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41.

In the mitochondrial matrix, fatty acyl CoAs are oxidized to acetyl CoA by a recurring 4 step
reaction sequence that cleaves successive two-carbon units off of the fatty acid chain. This
process is known as

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42.

In aerobic organisms, glycolysis is the prelude to the cycle and the electron
transport chain

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43.

Two high-energy phosphate bonds (the equivalent of two ATPs) are consumed in the
activation of

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44. Red blood cells cannot oxidize fat because they lack

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45. The phosphorylation of Glucose by ATP to form glucose 6-phosphate is catalyzed by _______

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46. α -Oxidation occurs in the

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47. The sole purpose of the TCA cycle when it is

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48.

Phosphofructokinase is most active when the _________ needs both energy and building
blocks.

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49.

During the electron transferring process, large amount of energy is released and it is
conserved in the form of ATP. This process is called

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50. Glyceraldehydes 3-phosphate is an _____

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