ESM222




Category: ESM222

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ESM222

1 / 120

1.

A process by which water is
captured by plants and then
it returns to the atmosphere
via evaporation or
sublimation is referred to as

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2.

Stream stage is the
of the water surface above
an established datum plane

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3.

falls from the atmosphere
unto the earth's surface
with a diameter of 0.5mm

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4.

The relationship between
stream stage and stream
flow is shown by a

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5.

is the instrument used to
measure evapotranspiration

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6. Surface runoff is one of the causes of

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7.

The main factors which
affect the discharge rate of
a river do not include

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8.

Vegetation, rock type and
___ affect the discharge
rate of a river

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9.

usually generates by frontal
lifting associated with midlatitude cyclones

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10.

The more the
available, the greater the
rate if evapotranspiration

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11.

A topographic region from
which a stream receives
runoff, throughflow, and
groundwater flow is called

12 / 120

12.

A ___ represents that effect
that the rainfal has on a
particular basin

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13.

falls from the atmosphere to
the surface with a diameter
of 0

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14.

monitors water quality in
Nigeria

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15.

Factors which are capable
of altering the shape of a
drainage pattern exclude

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16.

In order to develop a
stream stage rating curve,
the stream flow must be
measured at
stages

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17.

is where surface water
runoff has accumulated in a
low spot relative to the
surrounding countryside

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18.

A record of flow over time is
called

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19.

s a system of
interconnected water
bodies

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20.

The ocean which is the
oldest and most important
seaway in the world,
separating the continents of
Africa and Europe is

21 / 120

21.

precipitation is more than
5mm in diameter

22 / 120

22. Water boils at

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23.

Throughflow is the
subsurface movement of
water on continents

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24.

A type of fog which
develops during the
evening hours is
fog

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25.

At ___ the rainfall takes
place at a discrete point in
time

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26.

The supply of freshwater on
earth is entirely due to the
cycle.

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27.

The shape of a drainage
pattern can also be altered
by___ rock resistance

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28.

are usually called the
“headwaters”

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29.

When long wave radiation
emission occurs,
is produced

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30.

The type of fog whose flow
is controlled with a different
temperature is the

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31.

is a system of
interconnected water
bodies

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32.

The
is a system of
interconnected water
bodies

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33.

The surface flow of water to
areas of lower elevation is
called

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34.

The maximum size of a rain
drop is
mm

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35.

How much energy is
required for
evapotranspiration to take
place?

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36.

Movement of water in the
soil is not controlled by

37 / 120

37.

is the movement of water
from precipitation into the
soil layer

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38.

measures actual
evapotranspiration

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39.

___ and ___ are examples
of natural phenomena in
water quality

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40.

The top of the groundwater
zone is called

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41.

discharge is the volume of
water flowing past a fixed
point within a fixed unit of
time

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42.

The surface flow of water to
areas of lower elevation is

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43.

The top of the groundwater
zone is called

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44.

are usually called the
“headwaters”

45 / 120

45.

The more the
available, the greater the
rate of evapotranspiration.

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46.

Freezing rain occurs at
temperatures below

47 / 120

47.

gives direct measurement
of evaporation

48 / 120

48.

The
ocean is the largest
waterbody covering about
one-third of the earth’s
surface.

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49.

___ and ___are natural
contaminants found in
rocks

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50.

discharge is the volume of
water flowing past a fixed
point within a fixed unit of
time

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51.

The oldest and most
important seaway in the
world which separates the
continents of Africa and
Europe is the

52 / 120

52.

is the movement of water
from precipitation into the
soil layer.

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53.

The more the
available, the greater the
rate if evapotranspiration

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54.

The
gives direct measurement
of evaporation

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55.

pollution has been
proposed to be a major
problem in the global
context

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56.

A topographical region from
which a stream which
receives runoff,
throughflow, and
groundwater flow is called
___ basin

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57.

The oldest and most
important seaway in the
world which separates the
continents of Africa and
Europe is the

58 / 120

58.

Water freezes at
degree Celsius

59 / 120

59.

The surface flow of water to
areas of lower elevation is

60 / 120

60.

A
is where surface water
runoff has accumulated in a
low spot relative to the
surrounding countryside.

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61.

A process by which water is
captured by plants and then
it returns to the atmosphere
via evaporation or
sublimation is referred to as

62 / 120

62.

The supply of freshwater on
earth is entirely due to the
cycle

63 / 120

63.

A type of fog which
develops during the
evening hours is
fog

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64.

is common to mid and high
altitudes

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65.

What occurs when the
volume of water exceeds
the capacity of the
channel?

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66.

Throughflow of water within
the soil normally takes
place when the soil is
staurated with

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67.

Which of the following is not
a relationship between
stream height and flow?

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68.

precipitation is more than
5mm in diameter

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69.

A
is where surface water
runoff has accumulated in a
low spot relative to the
surrounding countryside

70 / 120

70.

The
gives direct measurement
of evaporation.

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71.

At
the rainfall takes place at a
discrete point in time

72 / 120

72.

Stream stage is the ___ of
the water surface above an
established datum plane

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73.

is common to mid and high
altitudes

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74.

Movement of water in the
soil is not controlled by

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75.

The more the
available, the greater the
rate of evapotranspiration.

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76.

Typical groundwater flow
velocities lie in the range of

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77.

is where surface water
runoff has accumulated in a
low spot relative to the
surrounding countryside

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78.

A process of water transfer
by which there is direct
precipitation down plants
and branches is called

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79.

In the USA,the
Act of the Federal Rivers
prohibits the disposal of any
waste matter in the nation’s
water bodies except a
permit is obtained

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80.

Movement of water in the
soil is not controlled by

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81.

An aquifer is polluted by
leaking fuel through the

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82.

A process by which water is
captured by plants and then
it returns to the atmosphere
via evaporation or
sublimation is referred to as

83 / 120

83.

Freezing rain occurs at
temperatures below

84 / 120

84.

s a term used to describe
the flow of water from
precipitation over the land

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85.

Throughflow of water within
the soil normally takes
place when the soil

86 / 120

86.

Evaporation and
are the two processes that
move water from the
Earth’s surface to its
atmosphere

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87.

Standing water in a low
spot relative to the
surrounding countryside is
referred to as

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88.

The ocean which lies
around the North Pole and
covers an area of 14 million
square kilometres is

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89.

Standard water quality can
be categorised based on
physical, chemical and ___
properties

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90.

A type of fog which
develops during the
evening hours is ___ fog

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91.

occurs when the capacity of
the channel cannot contain
water volume

92 / 120

92.

is the movement of water
from precipitation into the
soil layer.

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93.

The
is the largest of all the
oceans covering about onethird of the earth’s surface

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94.

_ is the contamination of
water bodies by nutrients
which can be harmful to
organisms and plants

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95.

A topographic region from
which a stream receives
runoff, throughflow, and
groundwater flow is called

96 / 120

96.

A farmer can calculate the
water needs of crops by
determining the

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97.

Throughflow of water within
the soil normally takes
place when the soil is
staurated with

98 / 120

98.

gives direct measurement
of evaporation

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99.

The ocean which lies
around the North Pole and
covers an area of 14 million
square kilometres is the

100 / 120

100.

is the movement of water
through a plant to the
atmosphere

101 / 120

101. Water boils at

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102.

The
is the largest of all the
oceans covering about onethird of the earth’s surface.

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103.

The ocean which is the
oldest and most important
seaway in the world,
separating the continents of
Africa and Europe is

104 / 120

104.

falls from the atmosphere to
the surface with a diameter
of 0

105 / 120

105.

A topographic region from
which a stream receives
runoff, throughflow, and
groundwater flow is called

106 / 120

106.

are usually called the
“headwaters”

107 / 120

107.

A process by which water is
captured by plants and then
it returns to the atmosphere
via evaporation or
sublimation is referred to as

108 / 120

108.

precipitation is more than
5mm in diameter

109 / 120

109.

___ relates water level to
an associated stream flow

110 / 120

110.

The ocean which lies
around the North Pole and
covers an area of 14 million
square kilometres is

111 / 120

111.

The top of the groundwater
zone is called

112 / 120

112.

In order to develop a
stream stage rating curve,
the stream flow must be
measured at
stages

113 / 120

113.

Interflow is another name
for

114 / 120

114.

is the surface flow of water
to areas of lower elevation

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115.

discharge is the volume of
water flowing past a fixed
point within a fixed unit of
time

116 / 120

116.

___ is the process by which
water is transformed into a
gaseous state

117 / 120

117.

The ___ is a horizontal
subsurface movement of
water on continents

118 / 120

118.

Water freezes at
Degree Celsius

119 / 120

119.

s common to mid and high
altitudes

120 / 120

120.

Water freezes at
degree Celsius

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